A Study of Employee Welfare Leading to Corporate Sustainability in Garments Industries of Bangladesh
Keywords:Readymade Garments, Employee welfare Facilities, Sustainability, Productivity, Satisfaction, Bangladesh
Employee welfare is an area of social welfare, which covers a broad field of Corporate Sustainability and connotes a state of well-being, happiness, satisfaction, conservation and development of human resources. Evidences from contemporary literature suggest that employee welfare contributes to the sustainability of the business significantly. This paper is based on descriptive and inferential research. This study has tried to measure the extent to which the garments industries in Chittagong city of Bangladesh are providing their employees (plant level) with welfare facilities. The findings of this study suggests that most of the sample farms offer welfare benefits to their employees and such benefits have improved the productivity and sustainability of the business. The study also opens avenue for further research in this field considering employee welfare reporting as a tool for corporate sustainability in the developing counties.
Ahmed, H.U. (2014). RMG sector: Opportunities and challenges. Available: http://www.thefinancialexpress-bd.com/2014/10/04/59623/print. Last accessed 24th Oct 2015.
Bhoumik, N. (2014). Bangladesh's Garment Factories Still unsafe for workers. Available: http://time.com/21038/bangladeshs-garment-factories-still-unsafe-for-workers-says-report/. Last accessed 22th Aug 2015.
Borman, W.C.C. (2000), “The Concept of Organization Citizenship: Current Directions”, Psychological Science,13, p238-241
Hassan, F. (2014). RMG industry of Bangladesh; Past, present and future. Available: http://www.dhakatribune.com/long-form/2014/sep/19/rmg-industry-bangladesh-past-present-and-future. Last accessed 24th Oct 2015.
Hossain, I. (2014). RMG export earnings grow 5% despite all odds in 2015. Available: http://www.dhakatribune.com/business/2014/dec/28/rmg-export-earnings-grow-5-despite-all-odds-2014. Last accessed 24th Oct 2015.
ILO(2015). “Improving Working Conditions in Readymade Garments Sector (RMGP) Programme In Bangladesh”. Available at: http://www.ilo.org/dhaka/Whatwedo/Projects/safer-garment-industry-in-bangladesh/WCMS_226530/lang--en/index.htm Last Accessed on 12 January 2015.
Iqbal, M. and Yilmaz, Ayse K. (2014) “Analysis of Workplace Stress and Organisational Performance in Human Resource Management: A Case Study of Air Traffic Controllers of Pakistan”, International Journal of Management and Sustainability, 3(6), p360-373.
JetHR. (2015) Employee Welfare - What Is Employee Welfare. [Online] Available from: http://www.jethr.com/magazine/human-resource-management/employee-welfare-what-is-employee-welfare/article.html [Accessed: 27th July 2015]
Kongala, R. (2013), “Motivation and Workforce Performance in Indian Industries”, Research Journal of Management Sciences, 2(4), p25-29.
Odeku, Olufunmilayo F. and Odeku, Kola O. (2014). “In Pursuit of the Employees’ Welfare in the Workplace: Issues in Perspectives”, Mediterranean Journal of Social Science, 5(15), p652-660.
Patro, C.S. (2012), “Employee Welfare Activities in Private Sector and Their Impact on Quality of Work Life”, International Journal of Productivity Management and Assessment Technologies, 1(2), p19-30.
Phillips, R. (2003). "Stakeholder Theory and Organizational Ethics". San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler Publishers, Inc. p166.
Rahman, M. and Hossain, M. (2010) Compliance Practices in Garment Industries in Dhaka city. Journal of Business and Technology (Dhaka). 5 (2). p.71-87.
Rynes, Sara L., Gerhart, B. and Minette, Kathleen A. (2004). “The Importance of Pay in Employee Motivation: Discrepancies between What People Say and What they do”, Human Resource Management, 43(4), p381-394.
Sindhu, S. (2012). Role of organization in welfare measures for employees. International Journal of Research in IT & Management. Vol 2 (9), p36-40. Available from: . [Accessed on: 5th Nov, 2015]
Slaper, Timothy F. and Hall, Tanya J. (2011). “The Triple Bottom Line: What is it and How Does It Work”. Indiana Business Review. Spring, p1-8.
Srinivas, K. T. (2013). “A Study on Employee Welfare Facilities adopted at Bosch Limited, Bangalore”. Research Journal of Management Science. 2(12). p7-11.
Symons, C. and Lamberton, G. (2014). “Building a Social Case for Business Sustainability”, Journal of Economic and Social Policy, 16(2), Article-9.
Tiwary, U. (2014). A Study On Employee Welfare Facilities And Its Impact On Employees Efficiency At V Indha Telelinks Ltd. Rewa (M.P. ) India. Abhinav International Monthly Refereed Journal of Research in Management & Technology. 3 (6). Available from: . [Accessed on: 25th Oct, 2015]
Venugopal P., Bhaskar T. and Usha P. (2011) “Employee Welfare Activities with Respective Measures in Industrial Sector-A Study on Industrial Cluster At Chittor District”, International Journal of Research in Commerce, IT and Management, 1(6), p78-84
Webb, N.J. and Blandin. J. (2006). “Evaluating Executive Performance in the Public Sector, International Public Management Review, 7, p98-117
How to Cite
Asian Business Review is an Open Access journal. Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal the right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a CC BY-NC 4.0 International License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of their work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal. We require authors to inform us of any instances of re-publication.