Retraction Guidelines

PDF Galley proofs are sent to the author for proofreading and corrections are done before the PDF’s are sent for printing. Every article published by Asian Business Review, either in the print issue or online, constitutes the final, definitive, and citable version in journal's archival record. The record includes the paper, revised and accepted following peer review, in its final form, including the abstract, text, references, bibliography, and all accompanying tables, illustrations, data and supplemental material (if any). 

Recognizing a published article as a finalized version of record establishes the expectation that it can be relied upon as accurate, complete, and citable. Because articles can be read and cited as soon as they are published, any changes thereafter could potentially impact those who read and cited the earlier version. 

However we are willing to publish corrections, clarifications, retractions and apologies when needed. Asian Business Review have guidelines for retracting or correcting articles when needed. 

We encourage readers and authors to notify us if they find errors, especially errors that could affect the interpretation of data or information presented in an article. If, after reading the guidelines, you believe a correction is necessary in that article, contact the journal’s Layout Editor, or contact us via other email. 

If the publication record is seriously affected with regard to the accuracy of published information, the decision whether a correction should be issued is made by the Editor(s). Handling Editors will contact the Authors of the paper concerned with a request for clarification, but the final decision about whether a correction is required and if so which type rests with the Editors.


Guidelines for retracting articles 

Article Retraction: Journal editors shall consider retracting a publication if, they have clear proof that the findings are questionable, either because of wrongdoing (for example data fabrication) or fair mistake (for example erroneous conclusion or experimental mistake). The findings have recently been distributed somewhere else without appropriate crossreferencing, authorization or justification. And it comprises literary theft or it reports untrustworthy research. 

Article Correction: Journal Editors should consider issuing a correction if, a little piece of an otherwise reliable publication reports imperfect data or demonstrates to delude, particularly if this is the aftereffect of honest error. Or, the Author list is inaccurate (for example a deserving Author has been omitted or someone who does not meet authorship criteria has been included). 

Articulation of Concern: Journal Editors shall consider issuing an expression of concern if they get uncertain proof of research or production misconduct by the authors, if there is proof that the findings are unreliable however the authors’ organization won't investigate the case, if they believe that an investigation into alleged misconduct related to the publication either has not been, or would not be, fair and impartial or conclusive, and if an investigation is in progress yet a judgment won't be available for a considerable time. 

Retractions are not typically appropriate if a change of authorship is required but there is no reason to doubt the validity of the findings. 

The COPE retraction guidelines can be found on the COPE website.