Engineering International https://abc.us.org/ojs/index.php/ei <p>Engineering&nbsp;International is a COPE member peer-reviewed, open access journal that welcomes high-quality research articles in all aspects of&nbsp;Science and Engineering&nbsp;Research. It is an international refereed journal with a focused aim of promoting and publishing original high quality research dealing with theoretical and scientific aspects of applied and conceptual research. All submission should be original in nature.</p> Asian Business Consortium en-US Engineering International 2409-3629 <div class="paragraph">Publishing paper with Engineering International means that the author or authors retain the copyright in the paper.</div> <div class="paragraph">This journal is granted an exclusive non commercial reuse license by the author(s), but the author(s) are able to put the paper onto a website, distribute it to colleagues, give it to students, use it in your thesis etc, so long as the use is not directed at commercial advantage or toward private monetary gain.</div> <div class="paragraph">The author(s) can reuse the figures and tables and other information contained in their paper published by Engineering International in future papers or work without having to ask anyone for permission, provided that the figures, tables or other information that is included in the new paper or work properly references the published paper as the source of the figures, tables or other information, and the new paper or work is not direct at private monetary gain or commercial advantage.</div> Android Anti-Virus System for Malware Mutation in Networking https://abc.us.org/ojs/index.php/ei/article/view/223 <p>Nowadays, the rapid evolution in the mobile phone industry has attracted lots of consumers around the world while smartphones being the trend of the phone with the highest demand by a large margin. Recent research has shown that Android Operating System has accounted for 88% of the mobile phone market which has led to the production of different varieties malware targeted mostly on Android Phones. Furthermore, recent research has also revealed that there is high negligence to this great threat where by Android Antimalware software only counter trivial attacks posed by malware or viruses. This paper supports most of the theories and in fact, focuses on one of the most typical vulnerabilities of Android Antimalware which is the mutation attacks. In this paper, the best in class mobile antimalware for Android were assessed and tested how safe they are against different normal obfuscation strategies even with known malware and the results were not up to a satisfactory level. Furthermore, the scope of this research also spans to the implementation of a proposed antimalware which detects and counters mutation attacks using static detection of Android malware using Integrity Check Technique. The feedbacks were analyzed using SPSS 2.0. Analysis of respondents’ feedbacks shows that there is even little or no knowledge of malware threats or proper antimalware by mobile phone users. This brings great concerns and this work shows why assessment of this subject matter is and essential considering the rapid growth of smartphone usage. This paper is to evaluate the efficacy of Anti Malware tools on Android in the face of various evasion techniques while developing a system that counters this evasion technique.</p> Chimeleze Collins Uchenna Mardeni Bin Roslee Prince Ugochukwu Nmenme ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2018-12-29 2018-12-29 6 2 63 78 10.18034/ei.v6i2.223 Implications of Industrialized Building System on Labor Demand and Cost https://abc.us.org/ojs/index.php/ei/article/view/227 <p>High dependence on foreign workers in the construction industry has been long known to be one of the contributing factors of labor demand issue. To address this problem, the implementation of new technology innovations, such as the Industrialized Building System (IBS) is suggested. The purpose of this research paper is to identify the implication of IBS on the labor requirement of the construction industry. In this paper, the authors used the survey-questionnaire method. The research involved data from the surveys completed by the contractors registered with the CIDB. Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) has been applied, and the reliability of the DEA result has also been proved. The result obtained from the Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA), indicates that IBS contractors are still required to hire an unskilled worker to undergo the new technology transition. However, when the adoption rate of IBS gets higher, the issue of substantial influx and dependency on a foreign worker in the construction industry can be resolved gradually. Although the investment cost is high during the initial stage, IBS can help to reduce the construction cost in the long-term.</p> Yong Chen-Chen Rusmawati Said Candy Gan Chin Yee ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2018-12-29 2018-12-29 6 2 79 92 10.18034/ei.v6i2.227 A Novel Real-Time Vehicle Tracking System Using Arduino https://abc.us.org/ojs/index.php/ei/article/view/228 <p>With the rapid increase in advancement in the world of technology, it has become highly important to the people to have the flexibility to monitor and control their physical property as well as personal data. Although physical transportation systems have made it easier for people to travel, it has also become a hazard in several ways. Therefore, a real-time tracking device has been designed in this project to cater to the issues of monitoring of vehicles. In this paper, we developed a system using Arduino Uno R3, Global System for Mobile (GSM) device and Global Positioning System (GPS) to track the exact and accurate position of the vehicle at a location. Arduino IDE software is utilized to code the Arduino Uno R3 and its microcontroller. The system is also equipped with display facilities to show the information to the user. The latitude and longitude of the vehicle’s location are displayed on Liquid Crystal Display (LCD). Furthermore, two software is utilized to display the data. ThingSpeak was used to display the trend of the vehicle’s motion by using charts of latitude and longitude, and Freeboard is utilized to display the same information in the form of a map. This map could easily be read by the user to pinpoint the exact location of the vehicle at any given time. It will be highly useful to monitor the exact locations of the delivery vehicle used by food-related businesses. Finally, by having latitude and longitude, users can successfully track their vehicle location on electronic maps using internet. Thus, the entire system has been tested thoroughly in real time and it is said to function successfully in helping users to locate their vehicles in the event of a theft.</p> Abdullah H. Y. Alquhali Mardeni Bin Roslee ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2018-12-29 2018-12-29 6 2 93 106 10.18034/ei.v6i2.228 Evaluating the Potential Use of Tidal Energy: A Study of Different Regions in Kuwait https://abc.us.org/ojs/index.php/ei/article/view/229 <p>This Study is based on Statistical Data of Tidal Waves in the Different Regions of Kuwait. Nowadays, Kuwait city is considered a good example for the countries that characterizes with an essential rate of exhaustion of energy. This in turns results in a substantial increase with need of immaculate and renewable energy obstetrics origins that can be used in generating electricity. This Paper aims to estimate the possibility for employing tidal energy in Kuwait city according to statistically collected data about tidal waves in several areas. Statistics associated to current velocity of water were gathered from Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research. Additionally, Civil Aviation Meteorological Department was managed to be appropriate for obtaining information about current velocity of water. The obtained results in this paper showed that there is a great possibility to use resources of renewable within Kuwait to achieve the demands of energy. Also, the results shows that Plants of tidal power are built within different locations, and the MENA area still lacks to tidal power plant, where that the lone reported plant of the power via tides is the that reputable through an Israeli company called WERPO.</p> Saad Abdullah Alshatti Mohammed Salem Alsubai'e ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2018-12-30 2018-12-30 6 2 107 128 10.18034/ei.v6i2.229 Development of an Empirical Model for the Wear Rate of Contact Bearing Materials Using a Standard Pin-On-Disc Test https://abc.us.org/ojs/index.php/ei/article/view/230 <p>The wear rate for contact bearing materials is studied as a function of a number of potentially influential factors, including applied load, rotational speed, sliding distance, and material type. A standard pin-on-disc test is used to conduct this study. Two levels of applied load (20 and 10 N), rotational speed (100 and 200 rpm), sliding distance (150 and 450 m), and material type (AISI 440C and AISI 420 martensitic stainless steel) were tested. Tests is run according to the design of experiments (DOE) methodology. Experimental results are analysed based on the analysis of variance (ANOVA) approach in order to determine the factors that have a significant impact on the wear rate. An empirical model is developed to fit the true relationship between wear rate and the significant factors in the case AISI 440C and AISI 420 materials. Finally, the morphology of the worn surface is studied using SEM and EDX images.</p> Ahmad Abdullah Alhumaidah Hadyan Ali Alajmi ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2018-12-30 2018-12-30 6 2 129 142 10.18034/ei.v6i2.230